Red Square is a city square in Moscow, Russia. It separates the Kremlin, the former royal citadel and currently the official residence of the President of Russia, from a historic merchant quarter known as Kitai-gorod. Red Square is considered the centre square of Moscow, based on its location.
The word Red Square wasn’t because of the majority color of the building’s bricks in this square, but it came from Russian word красная (krasnaya) which means “Red” and “Beautiful”. Why Krasnaya? Because several ancient Russian towns have their main square Krasnaya Ploshchad.
Above picture captured part of the Kremlin, State Historical Museum and the V. Gate. The V. Gate is also known as Resurrection Gate (Russian: Воскресенские ворота, also called Иверские ворота, or Iberian Gate). It is the only existing gate of the Kitai-gorod in Moscow. It connects the north-western end of Red Square with Manege Square and gives its name to nearby Voskresenskaya Square (Resurrection Square). The gate adjoins the ornate building of the Moscow City Hall to the east and the State Historical Museum to the west. Just in front of the chapel is a bronze plaque marking kilometre zero of the Russian highway system. (Wikipedia).
And below picture is the Kazan Cathedral (Russian: Казанский собор). Formally known as the “Cathedral of Our Lady of Kazan”, it is a Russian Orthodox church located on the northeast corner of Red Square in Moscow, Russia.
This is Lenin’s Mausoleum. It is also known as Lenin’s Tomb, situated in Red Square in the center of Moscow. This mausoleum currently serves as the resting place of Vladimir Lenin. His preserved body has been on public display there since shortly after his death in 1924, with rare exceptions in wartime.
The Kremlin and Red Square were together recognised as a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1990, due to their inextricable links to Russian history since the 13th century.
In the Red Square, I’m in awe with the exterior design of St. Basil’s Cathedral which has influence from Italian Renaissance. Basically, Russian Architecture followed a tradition whose roots were established in Kievan state and was strongly influenced by Byzantine architecture (also known as the Later Roman or Eastern Roman Empire). Love it! <3